Deploy K8ssandra and Traefik with K3d

Deploy Apache Cassandra® on Kubernetes in a local K3d cluster with Traefik ingress installed and configured.

K3d automatically deploys the Traefik ingress controller when the cluster is started. Unfortunately, it is not configured to accept traffic on ports other than 80.

For our purposes it is best to skip the automatic Traefik installation and install it ourselves via Helm.

This topic walks through standing up a K3d cluster on MacOS with Traefik configured for ingress on ports other than the standard 80 and 443.

1. Bootstrap K3d without Traefik

Beyond simply disabling Traefik, we must also pre-plan the ports that should be forwarded into our cluster. K3d spins up a minimum of two containers for a given cluster. One of which is a load-balancer that handles routing / proxying requests to all other nodes in the cluster. Since k3d uses docker to deploy the underlying k3s services, the inbound ports will be mapped from the docker host IP to the load balancer container. For our purposes the following ports will be opened:

  • 80 - HTTP traffic - This is used for accessing the metrics and repair user interfaces
  • 443 - HTTPS traffic - Useful when accessing the metrics and repair interfaces in a secure manner
  • 9000 - Traefik dashboard - WARNING this should only be done in development environments. Higher level environments should use kubectl port-forward.
  • 9042 - C* traffic - Insecure Cassandra traffic. _Note:_ Without TLS (more specifically SNI) Traefik may **not** be able to distinguish traffic across cluster boundaries. If you are in an environment where more than one cluster is deployed you **must** add additional ports here.
  • 9142 - C* TLS traffic - Secure Cassandra traffic, multiple clusters may run behind this single port.
  • 8080 - Stargate GraphQL API
  • 8081 - Stargate Authorization REST API
  • 8082 - Stargate CRUD REST API
$ k3d cluster create \
  --k3s-server-arg "--no-deploy" \
  --k3s-server-arg "traefik" \
  --port "80:[email protected]" \
  --port "443:[email protected]" \
  --port "9000:[email protected]" \
  --port "9042:[email protected]" \
  --port "9142:[email protected]" \
  --port "8880:[email protected]" \
  --port "8881:[email protected]" \
  --port "8882:[email protected]"
INFO[0000] Created network 'k3d-k3s-default'            
INFO[0000] Created volume 'k3d-k3s-default-images'      
INFO[0001] Creating node 'k3d-k3s-default-server-0'     
INFO[0001] Creating LoadBalancer 'k3d-k3s-default-serverlb' 
INFO[0007] Cluster 'k3s-default' created successfully!  
INFO[0007] You can now use it like this:                
kubectl cluster-info

We now have a Kubernetes cluster running with a load balancer bound to the ports we specified. The next step is creating the service routing inside the Kubernetes cluster.

2. Create Traefik Helm values file

Note the service type of NodePort. It is used here as it is the port on the Docker container running k3d which is forwarded to our docker host ip.

traefik.values.yaml

The traefik.values.yaml file is here.

---
providers:
  kubernetesCRD:
    namespaces:
      - default
      - traefik
  kubernetesIngress:
    namespaces:
      - default
      - traefik

ports:
  traefik:
    expose: true
    nodePort: 32090
  web:
    nodePort: 32080
  websecure:
    nodePort: 32443
  cassandra:
    expose: true
    port: 9042
    nodePort: 32091
  cassandrasecure:
    expose: true
    port: 9142
    nodePort: 32092
  sg-graphql:
    expose: true
    port: 8880
    nodePort: 30080
  sg-auth:
    expose: true
    port: 8881
    nodePort: 30081
  sg-rest:
    expose: true
    port: 8882
    nodePort: 30082

service:
  type: NodePort

3. Install Traefik via Helm

$ helm repo add traefik https://helm.traefik.io/traefik
$ helm repo update
$ helm install traefik traefik/traefik -n traefik --create-namespace -f traefik.values.yaml
NAME: traefik
LAST DEPLOYED: Thu Apr 22 16:59:40 2020
NAMESPACE: default
STATUS: deployed
REVISION: 1
TEST SUITE: None

4. Access Traefik Dashboard

With the deployment complete we can verify the service is now running. This may be accomplished with:

$ kubectl get services -n traefik
NAME      TYPE           CLUSTER-IP     EXTERNAL-IP   PORT(S)                                                                   AGE
traefik   LoadBalancer   10.43.75.223   <none>        9042:32091/TCP,9142:32092/TCP,9000:32090/TCP,80:32080/TCP,443:32443/TCP   4m2s

When k3d creates the cluster, docker takes our port mapping and creates the external port routing to the host ip address. For this environment the Traefik dashboard is at http://localhost:9000/dashboard/. Example:

Traefik dashboard screenshot

Next steps

Feel free to explore the other Traefik ingress topics. Also see the additional K8ssandra tasks.